Matthew and Marc’s Passage on The Battle of the Boyne

In English, we have been reading ‘Divided City’ by Theresa Breslin. The book deals with the theme of prejudice. We learned about many things and one of them was The Battle Of The Boyne.

The Battle of the Boyne was fought in 1690 between the English, Scottish and Irish thrones. The Catholic King  James and the Protestant King William fought across the River Boyne on the east coast of the Kingdom of Ireland. The battle was won by William and it was a bad time in James’ unsuccessful attempt to get the crown back and ultimately he helped to ensure the chain of Protestant Kings in Ireland wouldn’t be broken.

William III at the Battle of the Boyne by Benjamin West. Public domain image.

The battle was fought on 1 July 1690 in the old Julian calendar. This was the  11th of  July in the new Gregorian calendar. Today, its commemoration is on the 12th of July. William’s men defeated James’ army of mostly raw recruits. The importance of this battle has made it one of the best known battles in British and Irish history and it is a massive part of Ulster Protestant folklore. Its commemoration today is is now powered  by the Orange Order.

The two armies had different names,The Williamites and The Jacobites. They both used deadly weapons but they were very different from each other.

Williamite weapons:
-Flintlock musket
-Flintlock pistol
-Grenade
-Pike (limited usage)
-Swords
-Bayonet

Jacobite weapons:

-Matchlock musket
-Flintlock pistol
-Pike
-Swords
-Various peasant weapons and farm tools

The Williamites had much better weapons and armour than the The Jacobites so that gave them the egde and through the fight it showed.

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